Heartburn ( Acid Reflux ) Symptoms

Since heartburn is a problem with the digestive system, it can bring other symptoms with it. These:
• Belching
• Nausea and vomiting
• Bad breath
• Weakness and fatigue
• Diarrhea or constipation
• Bloating and indigestion
• Weight loss with appetite
• Intermittent stabbing pain, especially in the upper left region of the abdomen
• Bitter water or some food coming into the mouth

In Which Situations Does Heartburn Occur?

Gastroesophageal reflux

Reflux is a condition caused by stomach acid escaping into the esophagus. Although heartburn is not the only symptom of this, heartburn, difficulty in swallowing, burning in the chest area and dry cough are also seen.


Gastritis is caused by inflammation of the tissue inside the stomach. In this disease, there are different symptoms together with heartburn. Nausea and postprandial bloating are also sometimes seen. If gastritis is not treated early, it may appear as an ulcer.

Heart attack

The risk of heart attack should also be considered, especially when heartburn is seen in elderly individuals.

Diabetic Gastroparesis

Nerve cells responsible for the regulation of the gastrointestinal system can be damaged due to the inability of diabetics to keep their blood sugar under control for a long time. As a result, digestive problems such as indigestion, bloating, constipation or diarrhea may occur, including heartburn.


Helicobaktar pylori (hp) is a bacterium that can live in the acidic environment of the stomach. If this bacteria settles in the stomach, it can show symptoms such as heartburn. This disorder, in which nausea, loss of appetite and weight loss are seen, can continue for a long time without showing any symptoms.

Drug Use

Some pain relievers do not contain steroids.
These drugs can cause heartburn. The most known of these drugs are; Aspirin, Ibuprofen and Naproxen.

Some Foods

Heartburn may occur as a result of the use of gluten by celiac patients with sensitivity to gluten and dairy products by lactose intolerant patients.


Indigestion, ulcers, hernias, stomach cancer, alcohol and smoking can also cause heartburn.

How to Diagnose

According to your complaints and examination results, your doctor may diagnose gastroesophageal reflux and start treatment. In other cases; Diagnosis is made by applying endoscopy, pH-mer and motility test.

Heartburn in Pregnancy

Heartburn is quite common after the first 3 months of pregnancy. A glass of water drunk on an empty stomach in the morning relaxes the stomach.

What is Good For Heartburn?

You can take some natural remedies for heartburn. These:
Prefer loose clothes instead of tight clothes
Drinking carbonated water (1 teaspoon of baking soda in 1 glass of water) * In case of heartburn, you should drink everything slowly.
Chewing gum

Medicated Treatment

Warning: Some of the drugs we will mention can be taken without a prescription, but you should definitely share your situation with your doctor before taking these drugs, as they may react with different drugs and cause unexpected side effects. These drug groups are: Antacids and proton pump inhibitors.

Surgical treatment

Surgical treatment may also be preferred when drug therapy is insufficient, traces of Barrett’s esophagus are seen, or when a reflux is severe enough to cause hoarseness, pneumonia or wheezing.